From being Grassroot movements which started the formation
of Savingbanks and folk highschools in the 1880’s develloped
into the co-operative movement. The Danish farmers’ movement
wanted to be independent both financially and politically. The fight
between the farmers and the landowners were not only politicical. It
was also an kind of agricultural profession fight between the 900 estates
and the about 70.000 common farms.
The co-operative movement is some commercial associations and business
enterprises which are owned by som of the members who created the commercial
associations and the business enterprises, to keep the common financial
interests, especially when we are referring to shopping, production
or sale. The profit is shared between the members, if you have been
very committed, you will get a bigger part of the profit.
The first co-operative movement where settled in 1866 in Thisted.
The first co-operative dairy where in Hjedding in 1882.
The parties tried to ruin each other in parliament. While this was
happening the farmers and the landowners where busy in the agricultural
life. In the English cities people came up with a new idea. They created
a co-operative society. There were made about 100 co-operative movements
in 1880’s. Although they were quite small the idea behind it – the
solidarity between the members and the feeling of a financial responsibility
- turned out to be very useful. New inventions were made, among other
things a mechanical centrifuge, it was much faster to chorn the milk
into butter than de old model. By these two elements – solidarity
and technique – the co-operative movement were created.
There was a good reason to be proud of the co-operative movement.
They had become a triumph for Danisk agriculture. Until about 1870
cornproduction and export had been agriculture’s best and most
im- portant earnings. From this moment the cornprices fell drasticly.
Russian and American wheat flocked to Europe and forced down the wages.
This was the reason why a big crises came out in the 1880’s.
As a way out the farmers began to use the corn to feed the animals,
so they could make some animal products like butter, cheese and pork.
Because of this the co-operative dairy and slaughter houses grew alle
over the country.