Women’s hair was often long and put in a knot
at the neck, or a ponytail down her back.
Close to her body, she had a linen shift on and over that she had a
dress which went down to the ground and behind the dress there was
a train. At the top in front of the dress there were golden buckles
or gilts. Some women also had a belt on. As the last thing she had
a cloak or a shawl over her shoulder. The clothes were made of wool,
but the rich people had clothes of silk. The woollens they used were
not coarse, sad or boring, because they were very good at weaving.
The shoes had a soft sole and no heals. The wealthy ones had shoes
made of soft calfskin which could be tied around the ankle.
Of course they also wore jewels. The golden buckles were also used
as a kind of decoration. They also had silver bracelets, necklaces
with glass beads in many colours and patterns. The very wealthy ones
also had precious stones as decorations. At her belt hang her sign
of dignity which were the house keys. If she had many keys, she was
wealthy, because it showed that she had a big house.
Normally the Vikings’ clothes
were made of wool and flax, but some of the rich people also had clothes
made of imported silk.
There was a difference between rich and poor. The rich people often
had embroidery and/or weaved bands on their clothes. And the men
wore loose-fitting trousers. Men, that didn’t have that much money,
wore long tight trousers, a knee-length tunic and a cape with same
length. The men’s tunicas or shirts could be tight or loose and
be worn with or without a belt. The capes were made of a strong material,
square, and joined over the right shoulder, so that the sword-arm was
free. A big strongly buckle or solid bands were fastened on the cape,
to keep it in place. As an accessory they would were headbands or a
cap. They wore shoes made of skin and tight cloaks to keep warm.
A Viking Farm
Vikings lived in villages with 10-12 farms. they also had small houses
for keeping food, pots and other stuff. In the biggest house
the chief and his family lived. The people and the domestic animals
lived together in the houses.
In the houses were two or three rooms, the housefloors were mostly
made by clay, and the walls were mostly made by wood, stones and tarf,
it depends of what was in the area. One for the animals and one or
two for the people, and in these rooms were a fireplace, plank beds,
a loom and a big oven, but this oven could also be outside the house.
At the fireplace the family cooked, and got heat. The smoke from the
fireplace got out in a hole in the gable or the roof. At the loom the
wife weaved clothes to the whole family.
The Vikings domestic animals consisted of cows, horses, pigs, sheep,
hens and ducks. Around the village there was a fence to protect against
enemies. Outside the fence they grew barley and rye. The houses lay
around a big yard. This yard was used as a tradeyard, and for keeping
the domestic animals at night. The farms and houses lay close together
to give shelter.
Around the village there were a lake or a small river near by, so
that you cut get clean water for animals and people. They also had
to be a meadow, where the animals could eat grass. The village also
had to lay at good places for farming. There also had to be a forest
near by so you could get wood, food and fuel.
Together with other people
If you have to go to a "party", you must
be full and clean. It's not necessary to wear valuable clothes. Nobody
needed to be ashamed
of their clothes or their horses. If you are clean, you will
be accepted among other people. You should not talk at purposes. You
what you mean, in order not to be blacked out.
They had to be precise , if they came early the beer might not
have been brewed. If you on the other hand came too late the
had been drunk.
Men and Women
In the Viking Age men and women had equal rights. The women worked
inside the house, while the men worked outside. The men went out hunting
and cut wood. The women took care of the children, and made food for
the men when they came home from hunting.
The graves containing both men and women were also the same. The women
got their jewellery with them in the grave. The men got theirs weapons.
Citizens from the same city get oft married with each other.
The man could ask for to be divorced, if they not get any children.
The woman could ask for to be divorced if the man not full of the marital
duty, if he sold the "house", if he dress like a woman.
Eating and drinking
The Vikings ate hulled grain- and flourproducts. Sometimes
they ate fish or game, when it was possible. Porridge, bread and
gruel was the
most normal things to eat. In the summertime they got milk with the
food. The milk was used to produce butter and cheese. They got all
the milk from the cows and from the goats. They also drunk beer and
mead. Most of the time they drank beer, but if they were going to
a "party" they
mostly drank mead.
Many people think that the Vikings were sitting by a long, long table,
but they didn't. They were sitting on benches, where they were also
sleeping. The benches were around the fire, and there was a cooking
pot over the fire, where they took the food from.